Circumcision (Khitan, Khatna) In Islam (Sunnah)

Circumcision in Muslium community

1. Introduction:

Circumcision is a universal practice that is greatly influenced by cultural and religious traditions. It is the most frequent operation on males.

Prophet Sunnah:

This practice is attributed to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

Therefore, circumcision acquired the status of Sunnah (Prophet’s tradition), although the tradition is attributed to the Prophet Abraham. Allah ordered Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to follow the religion of Abraham (pbuh). When Allah says “Then we inspired you: ‘Follow the religion of your father Abraham, the upright in Faith.’ (Qur’an 16:123)”; and, thus, part of the religion of Abraham is circumcision.

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) narrated  in authenticated books - Bukhari and Muslim: “The Prophet Abraham circumcised himself when he was eighty years old”.

2. Male circumcision is part of the fitrah (in Arabic).

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “Five are the acts to fulfil to fitrah: Circumcision (Khitan, Khatna), clip ping or shaving the pubes, clipping of the nails, plucking or shaving the hair under the armpits, and clipping (or shaving) the moustache.” mentioned in books of Bukhari and Muslim.

The act of circumcision is referred to in Arabic as Taharah which translates to cleanliness, virtue, or purity.

Furthermore, the performance of circumcision as recommended in Islam is medically beneficial and reflects the wisdom of the Islamic statements.

3. Age of circumcision:

The Prophet Muhammad recommended performing circumcision at an early age. During the time of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) circumcision was done for boys at the time of their Aqiqah (traditional celebration for the birth of a child which involves the sacrifice of an animal in thanks to Allah). The Prophet (pbuh) performed the Aqiqah of al-Hasan and al-Hussein (the prophet’s grand- sons) and circumcised them on the seventh day as related in al-Bayhaqi and Tabarani. If it is essential, circumcision can be delayed for medical reasons. Our audits showed that ideal age of baby circumcision is under 4 weeks old  newborn.

The prevalent practice in modern-day Egypt as well as the majority of the Muslim world is that children born in hospitals are circumcised before discharge. In Saudi Arabia, male well babies are circumcised on day 3  

4. Male Circumcision in Islamic community in UK

Sunnah represents an accepted basis for the derivation of religious law.

I recommend we should circumcise all male well newborn within 4 weeks of life to get best results and minimum complication unless there is medical reasons not to have circumcision

5. Medical benefits about circumcision

The higher prevalence of Urinary tract infections in uncircumcised boys under 1 year old boys has been well documented in many studies.

Research  in sexual transmitted diseases including HIV that examined 26 research articles (from the USA, UK, Australia, Africa, India, and Peru) found circumcision protected against these diseases and  lower in circumcised men. Medical studies has proven that lack of circumcision increases the risk of inflammation of the glans (balanitis) and foreskin (posthitis) die to tight foreskin (phimosis ) In boys the incidence in the uncircumcised is twice as high as in those who are circumcised.

In summary , circumcision has recommended by Prophet and also has a medical advantages.

Dr. A R Khan

Modified Dates 6/4/19

Ref:  surgical guide for circumcision2012 DOI 10.1007/978-1-4471-2858-8

Doctor talking with young mother in the clinic